Dual diagnosis emerged as a concept over two decades ago. Also referred to as co-occurring disorders, it points to the copresence of both mental disorders and substance addiction. Some of the most prevalent coexisting disorders include heroin addiction and bipolar disorder, alcoholism and depression, etc. Read more
Don’t Settle For a Life of Mental Illness and Addiction
There could be various factors causing mental disorders. They include, but are not limited to, genes, environmental influences such as peer pressure and stress, as well as side effects of medication. A major factor responsible for poor mental health, which often gets ignored, is acute or chronic abuse of addiction-forming substances. Drugs or alcohol are an easy means to escape from life’s miseries and ease the pain. Little do people realize that intoxication can create chemical imbalance in the brain causing a mental disorder. Read more
Opioids are generally prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. They include drugs like oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine, morphine and fentanyl, as well as illicit substances like heroin. These medications trigger a range of pleasurable effects by stimulating certain regions of the brain involved with the reward system.
Unfortunately, opioids work on patients by masking the pain and not by eradicating the problem from the root. Though they may succeed in temporarily uplifting a person’s mood, they increase the risk of developing depression. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) in a 2016 survey, an estimated 11.8 million people misused opioids in the past year, with approximately 2.1 million people suffering from an opioid use disorder (OUD). Read more
Cocaine is a highly addictive psychostimulant drug extracted from the leaves of coca plant. Listed as a Schedule II drug in the United States, it has a high potential for abuse. As such, the medical usage of cocaine is almost nonexistent and it is a mere recreational drug that surpasses its medical usage. Its only known medicinal usage is as a topical anaesthetic.
Cocaine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that speeds up respiration, blood pressure and heart rate. It also raises energy, alertness, wakefulness, focus and attention while suppressing appetite. Due to its ability to increase energy and confidence, it is a popular party drug at social events. According to the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) report, an estimated 1.9 million people aged 12 and above are the current users of this illicit drug in the U.S. Read more
Due to a steady decline in the perception of the risks associated with marijuana, a large number of youngsters have been digressing toward this substance. Other major shifts that have exacerbated the situation include the recent public debates on the legalization of marijuana. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug in the United States, with 22.2 million people abusing it in the past month. The survey also highlighted that the majority of the users are men than women. Read more