Persisting bipolar disorder elevates risk for substance use among young adults

Persisting bipolar disorder elevates risk for substance use among young adults

Substance use disorder, including smoking, is a common problem among young adults in the United States. Many reasons, including curiosity or desperation to gain acceptance among peers, have been highlighted as potential reasons triggers for addictive habit. However, scientists have indicated that inability to cope with mental health problems may also be responsible for the addictive behavior. Read more

Lead toxicity’s harmful effects on childhood development

Lead toxicity’s harmful effects on childhood development

Lead toxicity has many harmful side effects on the body including adverse neurological effects. Although adults are at risk of lead poisoning through occupational exposure, children are at risk for developmental and mental delays if exposed to high levels of lead. Read more

The ‘wild child’ Cluster B personality disorder

The ‘wild child’ Cluster B personality disorder

The “Mr. Know-it-all” at the office who has to have the last word and insists he’s always right, and may even be described as a narcissist. Or the dramatic woman who uses her beauty and allure to get what she wants: the histrionic drama queen. We tend to throw these words around while unaware that narcissistic and histrionic are true personality disorders. These are grouped under Cluster B personality disorders. Many refer to this cluster as “wild.” Cluster B also includes borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder as well as those previously mentioned: histrionic and narcissistic. Read more

The 'wacky' Cluster A personality disorder

The ‘wacky’ Cluster A personality disorder

People with personality disorders have numerous problems in social relationships and mood regulation that are usually present throughout their adult life. In these patients, patterns of perception, thought and response are fixed and inflexible, although their behavior is often unpredictable. Schizoid, schizotypal and paranoid personality disorders are part of the Cluster A group. Individuals in this group are often referred to as wacky, distrustful, suspicious and magical thinkers. These personality disorders should not be confused with the Axis I disorder schizophrenia, which is not a personality disorder but an actual brain disorder that presents with anatomic, neurotransmitter and immune system abnormalities. Personality disorders, on the other hand, are Axis II diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Read more

Can’t get no satisfaction: The Type A personality is at risk for mental health problems

Can’t get no satisfaction: The Type A personality is at risk for mental health problems

Perhaps everyone has heard of the Type A and Type B personalities. Type A’s are known to be overachievers, competitive in nature, always pressed for time and not surprisingly more stressed and more prone to a heart attack. The Type B personality is more even-keeled and laid-back, and prefers to live in the moment rather than compete for a successful future. Type A’s tend to be successful at work due their drive and dedication. Type B’s can become more successful by setting goals. One is not necessarily better than the other and many people can display qualities of both personality types.

Read more