Utah firm to study effects of cannabidiol on pain and anxiety

Utah firm to study effects of cannabidiol on pain and anxiety

Cannabidiol or CBD, one of the most active components in medical marijuana, is a chemical compound found naturally in many species of the cannabis plant. Its medicinal properties have intrigued people for a long time and has been used for centuries as a supplement to induce sleep, reduce pain and relieve anxiety. Now, Endo-C, a Springville-based research company, has started a study on CBD’s effects on pain and anxiety.

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Teens struggling with addiction need their own school

Teens struggling with addiction need their own school

Drug addiction has affected the lives of scores of families across the United States. Many users, who have taken steps to turn things around and recover from addiction, struggle on a daily basis just to stay clean. If it is tough for them, it is heart-breaking for their family members too, who have to watch them suffer and keep hoping to make a difference. The situation is even worse in families where adolescents fall into the trap of drug addiction. Read more

Understanding the basic reasoning behind comorbidity of substance use disorder and mental illnesses

Understanding the basic reasoning behind comorbidity of substance use disorder and mental illnesses

Addiction to substances like alcohol or drugs was largely seen as a moral failing or character flaw. However, with numerous breakthroughs in scientific research, people have started to view substance use disorders (SUDs) as chronic diseases characterized by a significant deterioration in health and social function and loss of voluntary control over substance use. Read more

Substance-induced mental disorders that may make one’s life topsy-turvy

Substance-induced mental disorders that may make one’s life topsy-turvy

There could be various factors causing mental disorders. They include, but are not limited to, genes, environmental influences such as peer pressure and stress, as well as side effects of medication. A major factor responsible for poor mental health, which often gets ignored, is acute or chronic abuse of addiction-forming substances. Drugs or alcohol are an easy means to escape from life’s miseries and ease the pain. Little do people realize that intoxication can create chemical imbalance in the brain causing a mental disorder. Read more

Understanding the vicious link between depression and opioid abuse

Understanding the vicious link between depression and opioid abuse

Opioids are generally prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. They include drugs like oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine, morphine and fentanyl, as well as illicit substances like heroin. These medications trigger a range of pleasurable effects by stimulating certain regions of the brain involved with the reward system.

Unfortunately, opioids work on patients by masking the pain and not by eradicating the problem from the root. Though they may succeed in temporarily uplifting a person’s mood, they increase the risk of developing depression. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) in a 2016 survey, an estimated 11.8 million people misused opioids in the past year, with approximately 2.1 million people suffering from an opioid use disorder (OUD). Read more

How chronic cocaine abuse leads to emotional disturbances

How chronic cocaine abuse leads to emotional disturbances

Cocaine is a highly addictive psychostimulant drug extracted from the leaves of coca plant. Listed as a Schedule II drug in the United States, it has a high potential for abuse. As such, the medical usage of cocaine is almost nonexistent and it is a mere recreational drug that surpasses its medical usage. Its only known medicinal usage is as a topical anaesthetic.

Cocaine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that speeds up respiration, blood pressure and heart rate. It also raises energy, alertness, wakefulness, focus and attention while suppressing appetite. Due to its ability to increase energy and confidence, it is a popular party drug at social events. According to the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) report, an estimated 1.9 million people aged 12 and above are the current users of this illicit drug in the U.S. Read more

Does marijuana use lead to psychiatric disorders

Does marijuana use lead to psychiatric disorders

Due to a steady decline in the perception of the risks associated with marijuana, a large number of youngsters have been digressing toward this substance. Other major shifts that have exacerbated the situation include the recent public debates on the legalization of marijuana. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug in the United States, with 22.2 million people abusing it in the past month. The survey also highlighted that the majority of the users are men than women. Read more

Important steps employed during management of co-occurring disorders

Important steps employed during management of co-occurring disorders

When an individual struggle with a substance use disorder (SUD) and a mental illness simultaneously, it is called dual diagnosis. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), in any given year, at least 7-9 million people grapple with a co-occurring disorder. Moreover, 50 percent of the population suffering from an alcohol and drug addiction are also inflicted with a mental illness, such as trauma, depression, personality disorders, anxiety and depression. Read more

Anxiety may cause alcohol-related problems, finds study

Anxiety may cause alcohol-related problems, finds study

It is a common perception that alcohol can help reduce stress and alleviate symptoms of anxiety, such as excessive worry and anticipation of fear. However, some researchers consider it a vicious cycle in which the person craves for alcohol to relieve the anxiety developed from the withdrawal symptoms of alcohol abstinence.

According to a study published in UpToDate.com, anxiety-related disorders are likely to elevate the risk of developing substance use disorders (SUDs). At the same time, they may also affect the treatment outcome of SUDs. Conversely, SUDs may have a negative impact on the treatment outcomes for alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Probably, that is the reason why stress and anxiety are often associated with alcohol cravings and consumption, and subsequent development of AUD. Read more